Author Guidelines

Aims and Scope:

JGHNT publishes articles of all aspects of the liver and the digestive system including transplantation. It provides quarterly publication of original contributions on fundamental as well as applied research concerning the liver and the digestive system. Articles are accepted for publication on the condition the they are submitted solely to JGHNT and subjected to peer review.


Pre-submission English-language editing

All contributions should be written in English. Spelling should be US English or British English, but not a mixture.Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English.

Style of the manuscript

Manuscripts should follow the style of the Vancouver agreement detailed in the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ revised ‘Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication’, as presented at .

Spelling.The Journal uses US/UK.

Units.All measurements must be given in SI or SI-derived units. Please go to the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) website at for more information about SI units.

Abbreviations. Abbreviations should be used sparingly-only where they ease the reader’s task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.

Trade names. Chemical substances should be referred to by the generic name only. Trade names should not used. Drugs should be referred to by their generic names. If proprietary drugs have been used in the study, refer to these by their generic name, mentioning the proprietary name, and the name and location of the manufacturer, in parentheses.

All manuscripts should be typed in 12-point font size and double-spaced and should be presented in the following order: (i) title page, (ii) abstract and key words, (iii) text, (iv) acknowledgments, (v) references, (vi) appendices,(vii) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes) and (viii) figure legends, figures and supporting information should be submitted as separate files. Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.

Title page

The title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. Articles with a title longer than the 120 character limitation may not be sent out for review. A short running title (less than 40 characters, including spaces) should also be provided. Do not use abbreviations in the title.

Authorship: The full names of the authors and the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with the full postal address and email address, plus facsimile and telephone number of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript, proofs and requests for off prints should be sent.

Abstract and key words

All articles must have a structured abstract that states in 250 words or fewer the purpose, basic procedures, main findings and principal conclusions of the study. Divide the abstract with the headings: Aim, Methods, Results, and Conclusions.

A list of 3 to 6 key words for indexing purposes should be supplied below the abstract, in alphabetical order, and should be taken from those recommended by the US National Library of Medicine’s Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) browser- (


Authors should use subheadings to divide the sections of their manuscript: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments and References.


The source of financial grants and other funding should be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors` industrial links and affiliations. In the case of clinical trials or any article describing use of a commercial device, therapeutic substance or food must state whether there are any potential conflicts of interest for each of the authors: failure to make such a statement may jeopardize the article being sent out for peer-review. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Thanks to anonymous reviewers are not allowed.


The Vancouver system of referencing should be used (examples are given below). In the text, references should be cited using superscript Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear. If cited in tables or figure legends, number according to the first identification of the table or figure in the text.

We recommend the use of a tool such as Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. Reference Manager Reference styles can be searched for here:

In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.

Names of journals should be abbreviated according to the Serial Sources for the Biosis Data Base, available in most libraries or from

Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Journal article

1 Crawley AC, Brook DA, Muller VJ, Petersen BA, Isaas EL, Biekicki J, et al. Enzyme replacement therapy in feline model of the Matroteaux-Lamysyndrome. J Clin Invest 1996; 97: 1864-1873.

Journal articles published ahead of issue (print or online)

2 Benz PJ, Soll J, Bölter B. Protein transport in organelles: The composition, function and regulation of the Tic complex in chloroplast protein import. FEBS Journal, 2009. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2009.06874.x


3 National Library of Medicine, Image from the History of Medicine, <> (Accepted January 5, 1999).


4 Lehninger AD. Principles of Biochemistry. New York: Worth Publishers, 2000.

Chapter in a Book

5 Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, eds. Hypertension: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Management, 2nd edn. New York: Raven Press, 1995; 465–78.


These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title. Extensive sets of data, such as large tables or long appendices, may be classed as Supplementary Material.


Three-line tables should be numbered in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, 2, 3 etc.), and mentioned clearly in the main text. Provide a brief title that summarizes the whole table, maximum 15 words for each table. Detailed legends should not be included under tables, but rather added into the text where applicable. The information should complement, but not duplicate the text. All abbreviations should be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. The table and its legend/footnotes should be understandable without reference to the text.

List of abbreviations

If abbreviations are used in the text either they should be defined in the text where first used, or a list of abbreviations can be provided, which should precede the competing interests.

Figure legends

Type figure legends on a separate page. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of

  • Foot note: For the inaugural issue of the journal as there is paucity of time our language editor shall edit the language and style (before forwarding for expeditious peer review) ,therefore, suggestions about the language editing can be ignored.
  • any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement Indicate the stains used in histopathology. Identify statistical measures of variation, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean.


All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Figures should be sized to fit within the column (80.5 mm), intermediate (110 mm) or the full text width (168 mm). Magnifications should be indicated using a scale bar on the illustration.

Figures should be numbered as 1, 2, 3, etc., and mentioned clearly in the main text. Provide a brief title for each figure on a separate page. Detailed legends should not be provided under the figures. This part should be added into the text where the figures are applicable. Low resolution images will be sufficient for the review process, but upon acceptance authors will be asked to supply high-resolution images or original figures for publication. Photographs and graphics may be scanned at a resolution of no less than 300 dpi. Please note that it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures or tables that have previously been published elsewhere. The following file formats can be accepted: Microsoft Word (version 5 and above; figures must be a single page); PowerPoint (figures must be a single page); TIFF and JPEG.

Supplemental files

We encourage you to submit non-essential figures or portions of your manuscript as supplementary material for online-only publication, as our readership highly values supplementary materials. However, please note that the following items MUST be within the main text and not provided as supplemental information: 1) important materials and methods 2) references cited in the main text. Also, authors who offer supplementary information must ensure those materials are readily available upon request.

The portions of your manuscript that you would like to be included as supplementary material (including figures and tables) should be uploaded separately from the manuscript as “supporting documents.” The supplementary material will not appear in the PDF, though there will be a link to access the file in the PDF of your submission


It is essential that corresponding authors supply an email address to which correspondence can be emailed while their article is in production.

Word files of edited articles will be sent for checking via email, and should be returned to the Publisher. It is essential that these files are checked carefully, as the cost of changes made at a later stage may be charged to the author. Full instructions on how to correct and return the file will be attached to the email.


Website submission from Volume II this time submit only through an attachment in Microsoft Word file or acrobat reader (*.pdf file) to this email id with covering letter and in case of no acknowledgement received within 24 hours please drop an email or call for personal reply